Charles Minard’s Map of Napoleon’s Russian Campaign of 1812 One of the most famous maps incorporating time was created in 1861 by Charles Minard, a French Engineer.  The map and chart, entitled, “Carte figurative des pertes successives en hommes de l’Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813″, brilliantly illustrated the march to and from the Polish-Russian […]

Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s retreat in detail. [9] The End of Napoleon’s Russian Campaign [10] After a fierce action, the rearguard of Napoleon’s Grande Armée crossed the River Berezina on 29 November. It seemed to the […]

Retreat! Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s retreat in detail. [11] Napoleon’s Crossing of the Berezina [12] Napoleon fought off the pursuing Russians under Prince Mikhail Kutuzov at Krasny on 17 November 1812. However, he was forced to continue […]

Retreat! Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s retreat in detail. [11] The Battle of Krasny (Krasnoi), November 1812 [12] The previous post in this series described Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow to Smolensk, which he reached on 9 November […]

Retreat! Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s retreat in detail. [12] Napoleon’s Retreat from Moscow to Smolensk [13] The previous post in this series described how Napoleon decided to retreat from Moscow on 18 October 1812. His intention was to […]

Retreat! Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s retreat in detail. [10] Retreat from Moscow, October 18, 1812 [11] After Napoleon’s victory at Borodino led to the French capture of Moscow, Prince Mikhail Kutuzov’s Russian army retreated to Tarutino, south and slightly […]

Continuing The March Since Minard’s map is in French, I have provided an English language version for us to use as we discuss the flow of Napoleon’s march in detail. [2] To Moscow This time, the Russian withdrawal was less organised. The retreat, covered by the cossack commander Matvei Platov, proved ineffective in slowing up the […]