Data storage has been transformed in the last 50 years from huge, clunking machines with limited capacity to tiny memory cards that can store a fantastic amount of data but are no bigger than the size of a finger nail. The cost of data storage has also plummeted.
In 1956 a 5Mb IBM RAMAC 350 Disk File – the highest capacity data storage device at the time – weighed a tonne and cost a fortune.
But in 2013, Kingston released the highest capacity USB flash drive to-date: a 1-Terabyte USB Flash Drive called the DataTraveler HyperX Predator 3.
Our Evolution of a Terabyte of Data Infographic aims to show how 1-terabyte of data would have been stored over the last six decades, with the highest capacity storage devices and tech available at each period.
This is a full list of the storage devices covered on the Infographic:
- IBM 350 RAMAC Disk File (1956) – Consisted of 50, 24-inch discs with a total capacity of 5MB
- IBM 1301 Disk Storage Unit (1961) – Each module had 25 disks and could store 28 MB per module
- IBM 1311 Disk Storage Drive (1962) – 2MB x 6 Disks = 12MB per disk pack
- IBM 2311 Disk Pack (1964) – 7.5MB x 4 Disks = 29MB per disk pack
- IBM 2314 Disk Drive (1965) – 29MB x 8 = 233MB per disk pack
- IBM 3330 Subsystem (1970) – 100Mb
- IBM 3350 Direct Access Storage (1976) – 317.5MB x 2 = 635MB per unit
- IBM 62PC (Piccolo) Hard Drive (1979) – 64MB but The World’s first 8-inch HDD
- IBM 3380 Direct Access Storage Device (1980) – 2.52MB, The World’s first gigabyte Hard Drive was the size of an average refrigerator
- Seagate ST-506 (1980) – 5MB The World’s first 5.25-inch HDD for desktop computers
- Rodime RO-352 (1983) – 11MB, The World’s first 3.5-inch HDD
- PrairieTek 220 (1988) – 20MB, The World’s first 2.5-inch HDD
- Integral Peripherals Mustang 1820 & 1842 (1991) – The World’s first 1.8-inch HDD
- IBM Deskstar 16GP (1997) – 8.4GB – 16.8GB 3.5£” desktop hard drives
- Trek ThumbDrive (2000) – 8MB – 256MB, The World’s first USB Flash Drive
- Toshiba 2GB USB Flash Drive (2003) – The World’s first 2GB USB Flash Drive
- Sandisk 2GB microSD Card (2006) – 2Gb, at the time was largest capacity SD Card.
- Hitachi Deskstar 7K1000 (2007) – The World’s first 1TB HDD
- DataTraveler HyperX Predator (2013) – World’s first 1TB USB Flash Drive
- Western Digital Ultrastar He10 (2014) – World’s first 3.5-inch 10TB hard disk drive
- SanDisk Extreme PRO® SDHC™/SDXC™ UHS-I Memory Card – first ever 512MB SD Memory Card