I just received an e-mail from FlowingData that I just had to share. This simple visual pretty much makes something that some see as complex very easy to understand.
“Type I” and “Type II” errors, names first given by Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson to describe rejecting a null hypothesis when it’s true and accepting one when it’s not, are too vague for stat newcomers (and in general).
Smile and enjoy.
Wumo, formerly Wulffmorgenthaler, is a webcomic and newspaper comic strip created by Danish writer/artist duo Mikael Wulff and Anders Morgenthaler. The name of the strip was a portmanteau created from the pair’s surnames. The name was also given to a satirical TV series, broadcast on the Danish channel DR2 in 2005. In June 2012, the strip changed its name to ‘Wumo’.
Wumo debuted in 2001 as a comic strip competition entry named Kalzone, completed a few hours before the entry deadline. Submitted under the pseudonym “Pernille Richter Andersson”, the strip won the competition, and a one month run in the national newspaper Politiken. The strip became a regular feature on DR’s internet culture portal in 2002, and in October 2003 it became a regular daily newspaper strip in Politiken.
As of June 2012, ‘Wumo’ is printed daily in Politiken (Denmark), Aftonbladet (Sweden), Dagbladet (Norway), Die Welt (Germany), Helsingin Sanomat (Finland) and online-only in De Telegraaf (Holland) – and on its own .com website, wumo.com.
Source: Colleen Barrett, Valentine’s Day Visualized, Visual.ly, http://blog.visual.ly/valentines-day-visualized.
In this weather report, it looks like it is a cold day in Hell. I’ll believe in when Hell freezes over (O.K., I know, enough with the puns).
Believe it or not, the State of Michigan has a little city named Hell. My parents took us there when we where about 12 years old or so. Every store sells something “Hell” related like little devil figures or wood plaques that say “I went to Hell (Michigan).”
Hell, or Hiland Lake, is an unincorporated community in Putnam Township of Livingston County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The community is near the border with Washtenaw County, about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Ann Arbor. Hell is 3 miles (4.8 km) southwest of Pinckney via Patterson Lake Road. The community is served by the Pinckney post office with ZIP Code 48169. [SOURCE]
Hell grew up around a sawmill, gristmill, distillery and tavern. All four were operated by George Reeves. Reeves moved to the area in the 1830s from the Catskill Mountains in New York. He purchased a sawmill on what is now known as Hell Creek in 1841. In addition to the sawmill, Reeves purchased 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land surrounding the mill. Reeves then built a gristmill on Hell Creek which was powered by water that was impounded by a small dam across the creek. Farmers in the area were quite successful in growing wheat and had an abundance of grain. Reeves opened a distillery to process the excess grain into whiskey. Reeves also opened a general store/tavern on his property.
The tavern and distillery soon became a thriving business for Reeves. He built a ballroom on the second floor of the establishment and a sulky racetrack around his millpond. Additionally Reeves sold his alcohol to nearby roadhouses and stores for as little as ten cents a gallon. His operation came under the scrutiny of the U.S. government in the years after the American Civil War. When tax collectors came to Hell to assess his operation Reeves and his customers conspired to hide the whiskey by filling barrels and sinking them to the bottom of the millpond. When the government agents left the area the barrels were hauled to the surface with ropes. As Reeves aged he slowed down his business ventures, closing the distillery and witnessing the burning of the gristmill. He died in 1877.
Reeves’ family sold the land to a group of investors from Detroit in 1924. The investors increased the size of the millpond by raising the level of the dam creating what is now Hiland Lake. The area soon became a summer resort area attracting visitors for swimming and fishing. Henry Ford considered building some manufacturing facilities in the area but decided against it.
There are two theories for the origin of Hell’s name. The first is that a pair of German travelers stepped out of a stagecoach one sunny afternoon in the 1830s, and one said to the other, “So schön hell!” ( translated as, “So beautifully bright!”) Their comments were overheard by some locals and the name stuck. Soon after Michigan gained statehood, George Reeves was asked what he thought the town he helped settle should be called and replied, “I don’t care, you can name it Hell for all I care.” The name became official on October 13, 1841. The second theory is tied to the “hell-like” conditions encountered by early explorers including mosquitos, thick forest cover and extensive wetlands.
If you are ever in the Detroit area, stop on by. I’ll see you in Hell.